Every day, we experience the weather outside. We feel the sun on our skin, the wind through our hair, and the rain on our faces. But have you ever stopped to think about how all of that works? How does the Earth know when it’s time for different seasons? And how do indoor plants know it’s time to flower or bear fruit? Well, I’ve done some digging and found out some pretty amazing things about plants and their relationship to the weather.!
How Do Plants Know What Season It Is
First of all, plants only grow during the day and rest at night. They take in water and nutrients from their roots to make food for themselves through a process called photosynthesis. Most young seedlings need between 12 and 16 hours of light per day to grow properly – but as they age, they produce less and less chlorophyll, which is what makes them green. This is why they need less sunlight as time goes on – and it’s also why they stop growing during the winter (also called vernalization ).
If you were to put a young plant outside in the summertime, it would grow like crazy. After all, it’s getting the 14 hours of sunlight it needs every day! But if you were to put that same plant outside in the wintertime, it wouldn’t grow at all. That’s because there are fewer hours of sunlight during the winter – and some plants just don’t have enough light to photosynthesize properly.
If there were no sunlight, there would be no food for plants to make. Without food, they wouldn’t be able to keep growing or bear fruit (or flower). If it got cold enough, they might even die! So how exactly do indoor plants know what season it is? Well…that actually depends on where you live.
How Do Plants Tell What Season It Is In Different Zones
In warm, tropical regions, plants don’t need to worry about winter. They don’t have a specific period where they stop growing – but their leaves will change colors as the season’s pass.
In more temperate locations, some plants become dormant during the winter. This means that they stop producing chlorophyll and just rest until it gets warm again! When spring does finally arrive, these plants begin photosynthesizing once more around March or April.
How Plants Know What Season It Is In Cold Places And Winter Climates
Plants in cold places definitely experience vernalization (the slowing of growth). As soon as summer begins to wind down they start producing less and less chlorophyll. Then when winter arrives, they stop photosynthesizing completely! Without food, the plants eventually die. This is another reason why it’s important for indoor plants to get light during the wintertime – so that they don’t lose their leaves!
Interesting Facts About Plants And Winter
- It’s actually possible to grow oranges in colder climates by wrapping them up and forcing them into dormancy until springtime! – If you interrupt a plant’s vernalization period, it will enter its next period of growth months earlier than expected. – The world record for growing raspberries indoors was set by an Iraqi man named Ayyub Bacchu. He grew 6500 pounds of raspberries in his basement using hydroponics! – The planet Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.
- Plants are able to ‘smell’ chemicals released by their neighbors, allowing them to react accordingly. If one plant releases a chemical that signals danger, other plants can respond with antimicrobial proteins that protect them against fungi, bacteria, viruses, herbivorous insects, or even larger animals. Plant hormones also play an important role in plant communication. For example, if a plant gets infected with a fungus it releases an airborne chemical called ethylene. This helps prevent its neighbor plants from getting sick too! – Have you ever wondered why flowers are often so bright? It’s because they reflect more light than leaves do, causing them to stand out! If you’d like, check out this article I wrote about why some flowers are white! – Scientists have developed a way to create video games that let gamers control real-life plants.
- Many trees, especially oaks, lose their leaves during the winter months. This is called vernalization. Sometimes they can reabsorb those fallen leaves in springtime – but not always! – Dandelions actually play an important role in the ecosystem.
- The planet Earth gets 80% of its oxygen from plants! – A group of scientists discovered that if you press your ear against the bark of a tree, you can hear music ! (Cool right? But don’t try it because it’s mostly illegal).
- The tallest indoor plant in the world is an Amazonian lily with leaves that measure 5 feet high! It’s called Amorphophallus titanium and was grown by the University of Bonn.
- There are over 50 species of carnivorous plants listed on Wikipedia. These include Venus flytraps, pitcher plants, bladderworts, sundews, and even entire forests filled with them!
- If you want to grow a plant from a leaf, make sure it’s been somewhere between 12 and 24 hours since the last time it rained.
- The world record for growing lemons indoors was set by a French man named Mr. Olivier Pernollet. He grew 19 lemons in his house using hydroponics!
- Ancient Egyptians used papyrus as paper long before Europeans did. They also believed that potted plants were good luck! – In botany, you can tell how old a plant is by counting the rings on its trunk or stem. It’s called dendrochronology. – A new bonsai tree can take up to 40 years after being planted to reach a height of 3 feet. That’s a long time, so be patient!
- The amazon river has enough water to flood the entire USA with 4 inches of water.
- In 2009, a company called Green Sense Farms beat out several competitors in Chicago by growing more vegetables indoors than any of them could outdoors… despite being located in an area where the climate is not suitable for farming.
- A group of ferns called tree ferns are so tall that it’s common for people to mistake them for trees. – People can often tell how much light a plant needs by its color. For full sun, choose green plants. For partial shade, consider purple or orange plants. For low light, choose red or pink plants. – There’s a statue of a bonsai tree in the National Arboretum in Washington D.C.
How Do Plants Know When It’s Wintertime
- Plants make a hormone called phytochrome that tells them when it’s nighttime. It’s the same thing that helps your hair get lighter during the summer!
- Sometimes, plant leaves will curl up at night to protect themselves from cold weather. Scientists call this “solar tracking” because the leaves move toward the sun just like cars do. – When it gets dark, some plants close their stomata. This helps prevent water loss and protects against infections too!
- In order for a plant to grow properly, it needs 16 hours of light and 8 hours of complete darkness per day. If you have a light-up alarm clock, but the light underneath it so you can be sure your plant will get enough rest!
- Ferns cannot tell the difference between night and day, so they just move their leaves all the time no matter what. It’s called “ circumnutation .”
- Scientists recently discovered that plants grow more on the side of their stem facing towards the sun! This is because phytochrome gives them information about which way to grow.
How Do Plants Use Sunlight
- The best food sources for humans are fruits, vegetables, and grains. For plants, it’s basically the opposite order! – If you buy fertilizers with trace elements included (like Miracle-Gro), make sure to check if your plant needs any of those nutrients specifically before feeding it! (If it does, then feed it that one specifically, instead of the ones that are in general trace amounts). – The first petunia ever to be reproduced scientifically was called “Grandpa’s Little One.” It was the result of a crossbreeding program between two species at Rutgers University back in 1953.
- If you have a seedling indoors, it’s important to let it sit somewhere with good ventilation for 24 hours straight after you plant it! This gives it time to dry out its new roots. – When plants are exposed to high levels of light they actually create more phytochrome! This means that plants know when they are receiving too much sunlight and are less likely to get sunburned.
- Plants that produce fruit have both male and female parts! The female part of the flower is called a pistil, and it contains eggs inside. The male part is a stamen, which has pollen sacks inside. When a bee comes along to pollinate your flowers, it removes some of this pollen from one stamen and transfers it to another pistil. Then you get little sweet fruits instead of just plain seed pods!
How Do Plants Know When It’s Springtime
- Even though most people think that leaves just fall off trees in the winter, it’s actually a good thing for them to do it! The process of photosynthesis requires sunlight, and in the winter there isn’t enough of that. So, trees shed their leaves to save energy until they can grow new ones.
- In order to have flowers, a plant has to have both male and female parts. A bee transfers pollen from one flower to another so both parts can grow. Some plants do this by making the wind carry their pollen instead of bees, like prairie grasses and most daisies!
- When a plant is in full bloom, it’s actually pulling water into its stomata!
- If you’ve ever wondered why some flowers smell nice and others don’t, it has to do with the amount of sugar they produce! The more sugary things are in summer (like melons), the more fragrant things will be in fall (like pumpkins). This makes them easier for animals to eat when they use fruits as food during wintertime.
How Do Plants Know When It’s Fall time
There are two ways a plant can tell that it’s fall: by sensing how far away from the equator they are and by measuring the angle of sunlight.
- When you look at an autumn leaf under a microscope, you’ll see that part of its green color comes from chlorophyll and part of it comes from carotenoids. These pigments absorb different colors in sunlight: Chlorophyll absorbs red and yellow light, so leaves appear to be green. Carotenoids absorb blue light, which is why we see carotenoid-rich plants as orange or yellow.
- The first year ever with zero recorded deaths due to smallpox was 1978! After years of research scientists finally discovered which strain of the virus to vaccinate against, and how it was transmitted.
- That sweet smell you get when walking through an apple orchard in fall is actually from ethylene gas! Ethylene is produced during the ripening process, which makes fruits taste better before wintertime begins.
How Do Plants Know When It’s Summertime
Plants know that it’s summertime by measuring how much water is available in the soil! When there are less nutrients available, plants have to be selective with how they get them so they can grow strong before winter comes around.
- Before plants spend all their energy blooming, they spend weeks growing strong roots underground! Once plants sense that it’s fall they use photosynthesis to break down all the sugars in their branch tips into food for the rest of its roots.
- In order for a plant to reproduce it has to have both male and female parts! There are different types of flowers that can be either one or another, but generally speaking, most plants have both. The pollen sacks inside a stamen are what allow a plant to reproduce by itself once they’re mixed with the eggs inside a pistil .
Conclusion: It’s time to give your plants a little attention. Remember that they can tell the season it is and need care based on their environment.